Someone once asked me what I thought of Amazon\u2019s Snowball transfer appliance. For those not familiar with it, Snowball is a disk storage array in a ruggedized shipping container. You basically rent it from Amazon to speed up the time it takes to move your data from your on-premises storage to Amazon\u2019s cloud.\r\n\r\nAt first, I scoffed at the idea. Considering how cheap very high-speed Internet is these days, it seemed like an archaic approach to moving data. But now that more multi-petabyte customers are switching to our Wasabi hot cloud storage, I better understand the need for this type of transfer appliance. That\u2019s why we just introduced our own (very creatively named) Wasabi Ball.\r\nIt Shouldn\u2019t Take a Year to Upload Your Data\r\nWhile a 10 Gbps Internet link is pretty fast, 10 petabytes of data is a massive (but not uncommon) amount of data. Let\u2019s say you\u2019re fortunate enough to have access to a 10 Gbps connection and want to move 10 petabytes from your on-premises data center to Wasabi. It\u2019s going to take you over a year to get all that data uploaded. Here\u2019s why:\r\n\r\nWhile there are 8 bits to a byte, to make the math easy let\u2019s say that 10 gigabits per second is roughly the same as 1 gigabyte per second. Follow me?\r\n\r\nA petabyte is one million gigabytes, so transferring 10 petabytes at 1 gigabyte per second would take 10 million seconds. If you were uploading 24\/7, that would be 116 days. However, if you have a 10 Gbps pipe it\u2019s usually because you need a 10 Gbps pipe. In other words, it\u2019s being used for normal business. Since you don\u2019t want to clog it up during work hours, that leaves roughly 12 hours a day for uploads. So, double the time it would take to 232 days.\r\n\r\nBut, we\u2019re not done because even during \u201coff\u201d hours you can\u2019t chew up 100% of your company\u2019s bandwidth. There are always other night-time activities such as backups, software updates, and various batch processes to contend with. So, we\u2019ll conservatively estimate that 60-70% of available off-hours bandwidth can be dedicated to data uploads. That means it would take 380 days\u2014well over a year to upload all 10 petabytes. That\u2019s simply unacceptable.\r\nFaster Time to Massive Savings\r\nOne of our larger customers, IQ Media has a fascinating A.I. analytics solution that allows companies to search their library of real-time and historic global television programming to track every time their brand is mentioned, or their logo appears. As you can imagine, that\u2019s a lot of data, so they want to move it to Wasabi as quickly as possible to begin realizing their savings. They\u2019re using Wasabi Ball to migrate what could eventually be 6 petabytes of storage.\r\n\r\nWe\u2019re shipping them five high-capacity Wasabi Balls, each capable of transporting 87 terabytes of data. Because each appliance connects directly to their on-premises storage with its own 10 Gbps fiber link, they\u2019re not clogging up their Internet bandwidth. It takes a little bit over a day to fill a Wasabi Ball and all five appliances can be used in parallel. Once full, the customer ships them to our data center for uploading to the Wasabi cloud, and we ship them five more Wasabi Balls.\r\n\r\nIn theory, 10 petabytes of data could be moved this way in just a couple of months. However, in practice, we\u2019ve found that some companies can\u2019t read data out of their own storage at this speed. But it is still a heck of a lot faster than trying to do it over the Internet. You get the job done quickly and get yourself out of the storage business once and for all. And that\u2019s a big deal.\r\nThe Fast Way Out of the Storage Business\r\nWhen someone sends us 10 petabytes of data, it\u2019s usually because they have decided to shut down 10 petabytes of on-premises storage. The cost savings are enormous and undeniable. I\u2019ve posted an in-depth cost analysis before, but here\u2019s the shorthand version:\r\n\r\nThe capital investment in Dell EMC or equivalent hardware required to store 10 petabytes of data is approximately $5 million. Annual maintenance is 20% of hardware costs, or $1 million a year. Then there are all the attendant data center costs for space and power, plus technical staff.\r\n\r\n \r\n10 PB of On-Premises Storage (Cost Per Year)\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nStorage hardware\r\n$1,000,000\r\n\r\n\r\nAnnual maintenance\r\n$1,000,000\r\n\r\n\r\nAncillary hardware\/software\r\n$100,000\r\n\r\n\r\nAncillary maintenance\r\n$100,000\r\n\r\n\r\nPower and cooling\r\n$250,000\r\n\r\n\r\nHeadcount\r\n$750,000\r\n\r\n\r\nTotal\r\n$3,200,000 per year\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\nIn contrast, 10 petabytes of storage with Wasabi would cost you just $600,000 per year. So once the decision is made to migrate it\u2019s understandable why customers with petabytes of data would want to transition that data as quickly as possible.\r\n\r\nMigrating from on-premises storage to the Wasabi cloud is not only a huge financial savings, it allows you to focus your technical resources on problems that really matter to your business. With no more hardware and software to maintain and upgrade, you can free up a lot of staff time as well as space in your data center.\r\nData Storage Shouldn\u2019t Be Complicated\r\nData storage should be a simple, cheap, and safe utility, just like electricity or bandwidth. Considering the economics of cloud storage 2.0 vendors like Wasabi, there\u2019s no reason for most companies to still be in the data storage business. Wasabi Ball is one of many things we\u2019re doing to help you make the transition as painless as possible.